Geography; Nature and climate; Demography; History; Wars;
Culture ; Art; Film; Music; Politics; Political parties ; Defense;
Peace movements; Religion; Social conditions ; Education ,
Economics and Arms trade.
Géographie; Nature et climat; Démographie;
Guerres; Histoire; Culture ; La musique; Politique; Partis
politiques ; La défense; Mouvements de paix; Religion;
Conditions sociales ; Éducation; Économie et commerce
Geography: Ethiopia is a tropical northeast African republic
bordering Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan.
Reports of international arbitral awards / recueil des
sentences arbitrales. / : Eritrea - Ethiopia Boundary
Commission. Decision regarding delimitation of
the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia 13 April 2002.
VolumE XXV pp. 83-195.
Nations unies / United Nations, 2006.
- http://legal.un.org/riaa/cases/vol_XXV/83-195.pdf 'On 27 April
1993, Eritrea became independent and was admitted as a member of
the United Nations. On 29 April 1993, Ethiopia recognised Eritrea's
sovereignty and independence and on 30 July 1993, the two
Governments concluded an Agreement of Friendship and
In May 1998, hostilities broke out between Eritrea and Ethiopia.
After a number of attempts to re-establish peace between the two
Parties, the December Agreement was signed on 12 December 2000,
providing for the permanent termination of military hostilities
between them. A major component of this Agreement was Article 4,
the terms of which have been set out above, providing for the
establishment of the present Commission.'
Geografihistoriske primærkilder og fremstillinger /
Geography Historical primary sources and
Géographie des sources historiques primaires:
Ptolemy's Geography, Book 4. The Geography by Claudius Ptolemy,
Greek geographer of the 2nd century A.D., translated by Edward
Luther Stevenson (New York, 1932). Book 4: Africa: Mauritania
Tingitana, Mauritania Caesariensis, Numidia, Africa Cyrenaica,
Marmarica (Libya), Egypt Lower and Upper, Libya Interia, Ethiopia
below Egypt, Ethiopia, interior. Graphics in zipped HTML files
prepared by Robert Bedrosian.
Werner Munzinger: Originalkarte von Nord Abessinien und den
ländern am Mareb, Barea, und Anseba, de 1864.
Bruce, James: Travels to discover the source of the Nile : in the
years 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771, 1772, and 1773.Vol. I-VI.
- Dublin : Printed by William Sleater, for P. Wogan, L. White, P.
Byrne, W. Porter, W. Sleater, J. Jones, J. Moore, B. Dornin, C.
Lewis, W. Jones, G. Draper, J. Milliken, and R. White, 1790.
'Vol. 3 printed by William Porter, v. 5 by Graisberry and Campbell,
and v. 6 by Zachariah Jackson Vol. 6 has title: Select specimens of
natural history collected in travels to discover the source of the
Nile, in Egypt, Arabia, Abyssinia, and Nubia.'
A description of the coasts of north and south-Guinea, and of
Ethiopia inferior, vulgarly Angola ... And a new relation of the
province of Guiana, and of the great rivers of Amazons and Oronoque
in South-America. With an appendix being a general account of the
first discoveries of America, in the fourteenth century, and some
observations thereon. And a geographical, political, and natural
history of the Antilles-Islands, in the North-Sea of America. / :
John Bardot. Now first printed from his original manuscript. -
London : Henry Lintot and John Osborn, 1732; Collection of voyages
and travels, vol. 5, p. l, p. 1-668. illus).
An Unknown German Manuscript on Ethiopia in the Goethe Nachlass in
Weimar: Niebuhr on his Research Expedition and his Criticism of
James Bruce. / : Ib Friis.
Voyages au Soudan oriental, dans l'Afrique septentrionale et
dans l'Asie mineure, exécutés de 1847 à 1854,
comprenant une exploration dans l'Algérie, les
régences de Tunis et de Tripoli, l'Asie Mineure, l'Egypte,
la Nubie, les déserts, l'ïle deMéroé, le
Sennar, le Fa-Zoglo, et dans les contrées inconnues de la
Nigritie Texte. / Pierre Trémaux. - Paris : L. Hachette,
'Pierre Trémaux (1818-95) was a French architect, traveler,
photographer, and amateur scientist who, in 1847-48, voyaged up the
Nile to Nubia, Ethiopia, and eastern Sudan. Trémaux
described the geology, flora and fauna, architectural monuments,
and people of these countries in several works published in France
in the 1850s and early 1860s. Some scholars consider his
descriptions and sketches of Lower Nubia to be especially valuable,
since much of this area now is covered by Lake Nubia, the extension
into Sudan of Lake Nasser, created when the Aswan High Dam was
built in the 1960s.'
Travels in southern Abyssinia : through the country of Adal to
the kingdom of Shoa. / : Charles Johnston.
- London : J. Madden, 1844.