Geografi ; natur og klima ; demografi ; historie ; kultur ; musik ; politik ; politiske partier ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi og våbenhandel.
Geography; Nature and climate; Demography; History; Wars; Culture ; Art; Film; Music; Politics; Political parties ; Defense; Peace movements; Religion; Social conditions ; Education , Economics and Arms trade.
Géographie; Nature et climat; Démographie; Guerres; Histoire; Culture ; La musique; Politique; Partis politiques ; La défense; Mouvements de paix; Religion; Conditions sociales ; Éducation; Économie et commerce des armes

Afrikas geografi

Geografi: Afrika er et Kontinent syd for Europa og sydvest for Arabien med kystlinjer til Atlanterhavet, Middelhavet, Suezkanalen, Det røde hav, Det indiske ovean og Sydhavet.
Africa is an Continent south of Europe and southwest of Arabia with coastlines to the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Suez Canal, the Red Sea, the Indian Ovean and the Southern Ocean.
Continent sud de l'Europe et du sud-ouest de l'Arabie avec des côtes de l'océan Atlantique, la mer Méditerranée, le canal de Suez, la mer Rouge, l'Indien Ovean et l'océan Austral.
Continente al sur de Europa y el suroeste de Arabia con costas en el Océano Atlántico, el Mar Mediterráneo, el Canal de Suez, el Mar Rojo, el Indio Ovean y el Océano Austral.
Kontinent südlich von Europa und südwestlich von Arabien mit Küsten an den Atlantik, das Mittelmeer, den Suezkanal, das Rote Meer, den Indischen Ovean und des Südlichen Ozeans.
Aktuelle afrikanske stater:
Current African states:
UN Atlas of Africa.
Africa Atlas (2006), United Nations Environment Programme
Oceaner og kystområder: UNESCO-IOC. 2009. African Oceans and Coasts. / : Odido M. and Mazzilli S. (Eds).
IOC Information Document, 1255, UNESCO Regional Bureau for Science and Technology in Africa, Kenya.
Søer: UNEP (2006), “Africa’s Lakes: Atlas of Our Changing Environment.”
Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
UNEP, 2004. Fortnam, M.P. and Oguntola, J.A. (eds), Lake Chad Basin, GIWA Regional assessment 43, University of Kalmar, Kalmar, Sweden. - The Lake Chad Basin (GIWA region 43) is located in central Africa covering 8% of the surface area of Africa, shared between the countries of Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and Sudan.'
Vand: Africa Water Atlas
2010, United Nations Environment Programme
Guineabugten / Gulf of Guinea omfatter Benin, Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Togo og Ækvatorial Guinea.
Sahel. Sahel omfatter (fra vest til øst): Senegal, Det sydlige Mauretanien, Mali, Burkina Faso, det sydlige Algeriet, Niger, det nordlige Nigeria, Tchad, det nordlige Cameroun, Sudan (herunder Darfur og den sydlige del af Sudan), samt Eritrea.
Sydafrika: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Vestafrika / West Africa: Benin ; Burkina Faso ; Cape Verde ; Ivory Coast ; Gambia ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Guinea-Bissau ; Liberia ; Mali ; Niger ; Nigeria ; Senegal ; Sierra Leone og Togo.
Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World, 2010.
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1386, Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World, contains 11 chapters designated by the letters A through K. Chapter A provides a comprehensive, yet concise, review of the "State of the Earth's Cryosphere at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Glaciers, Global Snow Cover, Floating Ice, and Permafrost and Periglacial Environments," and a "Map/Poster of the Earth's Dynamic Cryosphere," and a set of eight "Supplemental Cryosphere Notes" about the Earth's Dynamic Cryosphere and the Earth System. The next 10 chapters, B through K, are arranged geographically and present glaciological information from Landsat and other sources of historic and modern data on each of the geographic areas. Chapter B covers Antarctica; Chapter C, Greenland; Chapter D, Iceland; Chapter E, Continental Europe (except for the European part of the former Soviet Union), including the Alps, the Pyrenees, Norway, Sweden, Svalbard (Norway), and Jan Mayen (Norway); Chapter F, Asia, including the European part of the former Soviet Union, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bhutan; Chapter G, Turkey, Iran, and Africa; Chapter H, Irian Jaya (Indonesia) and New Zealand; Chapter I, South America; Chapter J, North America (excluding Alaska); and Chapter K, Alaska. Chapters A–D each include map plates.

Geografihistoriske primærkilder og fremstillinger /
Geography Historical primary sources and
presentations /
Géographie des sources historiques primaires:

Rediscovering African Geographies I-III. / : The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers).
Descrittione dell’ Africa / Giovanni Battista Ramusio 1550.
Tabula Peutingeriana
Leo Africanus: Cosmographia Del' Africa : A summary and ethnographic evaluation of Dietrich Rauchenberger’s Johannes Leo der Afrikaner : Seine Beschreibung des Raumes zwischen Nil und Niger nach dem Urtext With special emphasis on the Montanari of Borno . / Gerhard Muller-Kosack - London : Mandaras Publishing 2010 - 24 s. Online
The map of Africa by treaty. / : By Sir Edward Hertslet.
- London : Printed for Her Majesty's Stationery Office, by Harrison and Sons, 1894 ; 1909.
I. Abyssinia to Great Britain (colonies) Nos. 1 to 102.
II. Great Britain & France to Zanzibar. Nos. 103 to 208.
III. Appendix, alphabetical index, and chronological list.
Voyages au Soudan oriental, dans l'Afrique septentrionale et dans l'Asie mineure, exécutés de 1847 à 1854, comprenant une exploration dans l'Algérie, les régences de Tunis et de Tripoli, l'Asie Mineure, l'Egypte, la Nubie, les déserts, l'ïle deMéroé, le Sennar, le Fa-Zoglo, et dans les contrées inconnues de la Nigritie Texte. / Pierre Trémaux. - Paris : L. Hachette, 1862-1863.
'Pierre Trémaux (1818-95) was a French architect, traveler, photographer, and amateur scientist who, in 1847-48, voyaged up the Nile to Nubia, Ethiopia, and eastern Sudan. Trémaux described the geology, flora and fauna, architectural monuments, and people of these countries in several works published in France in the 1850s and early 1860s. Some scholars consider his descriptions and sketches of Lower Nubia to be especially valuable, since much of this area now is covered by Lake Nubia, the extension into Sudan of Lake Nasser, created when the Aswan High Dam was built in the 1960s.'

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