Geologisk Nordamerika
Geografi ; natur og klima ; historie ; krige ; kultur ; film ; musik ; politik ; politiske partier ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi og våbenhandel.
Geography; Nature and climate; Demography; History; Wars; Culture ; Art; Film; Music; Politics; Political parties ; Defense; Peace movements; Religion; Social conditions ; Education , Economics and Arms trade.
Géographie; Nature et climat; Démographie; Guerres; Histoire; Culture ; La musique; Politique; Partis politiques ; La défense; Mouvements de paix; Religion; Conditions sociales ; Éducation; Économie et commerce des armes

Honduras demografi:


Honduras: Migration profiles.
/ : UNICEF, 2014.
Honduran Indigenous Leader Berta Cáceres Assassinated, Won Goldman Environmental Prize
Statement from SOA Watch:. March 03, 2016
HONDURAS–At approximately 11:45pm last night, the General Coordinator of COPINH, Berta Caceres was assassinated in her hometown of La Esperanza, Intibuca. At least two individuals broke down the door of the house where Berta was staying for the evening in the Residencial La Líbano, shot and killed her. COPINH is urgently responding to this tragic situation.
Berta Cáceres is one of the leading indigenous activists in Honduras. She spent her life fighting in defense of indigenous rights, particularly to land and natural resources.
Cáceres, a Lenca woman, grew up during the violence that swept through Central America in the 1980s. Her mother, a midwife and social activist, took in and cared for refugees from El Salvador, teaching her young children the value of standing up for disenfranchised people.
Cáceres grew up to become a student activist and in 1993, she cofounded the National Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH) to address the growing threats posed to Lenca communities by illegal logging, fight for their territorial rights and improve their livelihoods.
Berta Cáceres and COPINH have been accompanying various land struggles throughout western Honduras. In the last few weeks, violence and repression towards Berta Cáceres, COPINH, and the communities they support, had escalated. In Rio Blanco on February 20, 2016, Berta Cáceres, COPINH, and the community of Rio Blanco faced threats and repression as they carried out a peaceful action to protect the River Gualcarque against the construction of a hydroelectric dam by the internationally-financed Honduran company DESA. As a result of COPINH’s work supporting the Rio Blanco struggle, Berta Cáceres had received countless threats against her life and was granted precautionary measures by the InterAmerican Commission for Human Rights. On February 25, 2016, another Lenca community supported by COPINH in Guise, Intibuca was violently evicted and destroyed.
Since the 2009 military coup, that was carried out by graduates of the U.S. Army School of the Americas, Honduras has witnessed an explosive growth in environmentally destructive megaprojects that would displace indigenous communities. Almost 30 percent of the country’s land was earmarked for mining concessions, creating a demand for cheap energy to power future mining operations. To meet this need, the government approved hundreds of dam projects around the country, privatizing rivers, land, and uprooting communities. Repression of social movements and targeted assassinations are rampant. Honduras has the world’s highest murder rate. Honduran human rights organizations report there have been over 10,000 human rights violations by state security forces and impunity is the norm–most murders go unpunished. The Associated Press has repeatedly exposed ties between the Honduran police and death squads, while U.S. military training and aid for the Honduran security forces continues.
Press Release From COPINH on Berta Cáceres Death. March 4, 2016
Thursday March 3, 2016, La Esperanza Intibucá Honduras
Berta Cáceres, founder and General Coordinator of the Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Honduras (COPINH), and Gustavo Castro Soto, of the organization Otros Mundos AC / Friends of the Earth Mexico, the Mexican Network of People Affected by Mining (REMA) and the Mesoamerican Movement against the Mining Extractive Model (M4) were victims of an assault with a firearm that resulted in the death of Berta and serious injury to Gustavo. The assault was perpetrated inside the home of our colleague. A group of armed men entered through the back door forcing the door open, and shot at both comrades.
The first shots hit Berta, leading to her death. Gustavo Castro received two bullet wounds, one of which grazed his cheek and the other, his hand. He fell to the floor feigning his death. Scared by the situation, Castro left the scene and sought refuge in a secure place where he notified others about his situation and later received help from his fellows at COPINH.
Between 7:30 and 8:00 am, the police and the army arrived to check the crime scene and confirm the death of Berta, as well as several colleagues, family, and friends who watched on with indignation as the experts and authorities acted with arrogance.The chief of investigation approached the scene with an aggressive attitude provoking a verbal confrontation with the fellows of the organization. Similarly, while leaving the crime scene, the police insinuated that the incident was a robbery. Berta’s body was wrapped in plastic and thrown to the back of a gray van devoid of any identification pertaining to a public institution; without respect for the deceased companion, the mourning family, or the friends present.
In the course of the morning, Aureliano Molina Villanueva of San Francisco Lempira, COPINH militant base, arrived at the scene and was required by the National Preventive Police of La Esperanza Intibucá to testify. Due to the insistence of the friends that Villanueva not meet this requirement, he was accompanied by his father Aureliano Molina and brother-in-law. He was taken to the police headquarters in town and so far is being held as an alleged suspect in the murder. When asked what the charges are against him, the organization was told that there are no stated charges but they have 24 hours to do an investigation. Berta’s lifeless body was transferred to the office of La Esperanza’s District Attorney around 9:00 am, after which it was moved to Siguapeteque and finally to Tegucigalpa for autopsy. Gustavo decided to wait for the arrival of the prosecutors for ethnic groups to give his statement due to a lack of confidence in the judicial institutions of Hondura. He refused to testify before other bodies. He was not treated by a doctor until noon. During the course of the afternoon, the prosecutor for ethnic groups arrived where Gustavo had taken refuge to make his testimony. Then he was taken to the district attorney’s office where he remains now.
In spite of the ongoing investigation by the prosecutors in the area, COPINH demands a clear investigation to be conducted independently of the Honduran state, doubting its credibility.
Members of COPINH report that they have been threatened since December by people self described as hired hitmen by the Company DESA. In the last six months, they confirm that Berta received threats constantly. These threats escalated in intensity, with bullets shot at the car, and messages and direct verbal threats from the army, the police, the mayor Raul Pineda, and the Company DESA.
During the morning of the crime, the Ministry of National Security declared that Berta was given precautionary measures by the Inter - American Court of Human Rights Commission. However, they claimed that the director had rejected such protection and that at the time of the attacks, she was found in a house not registered as her own and therefore could not be guarded. Thus, the authorities disclaim their obligation to protect Berta from any attack and blame her for her own death. At the same time, it is possible that the strategy of the judicial institutions is to blame the partner Aureliano Molina Villanueva for committing a crime of passion against Berta, in addition to fabricating evidence to point to other members of the COPINH as guilty or accomplices of the crime.
At this time, COPINH is on high alert, fearing for the safety of Gustavo Castro and the members of the organization who live under constant harassment for opposing the dispossession of their territory. This attack is a clear sign of the increasing repression of people who fight for nature and oppose the transnational companies that plunder Honduras.
We call for national and international solidarity to continue taking action to help stop and denounce the aggressive policies of the state, the privatization strategies of transnational and systematic violation of the rights of the Lenca people.
We call for peaceful but forceful demonstrations of our autonomy and self -determination. We continue mobilizing in defense of the common good of nature.
We reaffirm our struggle for the Gulacarque River!
We reaffirm our commitment to life!
We demand justice!
We demand an end to impunity!
We demand an independent investigation with international judges and experts!
We demand the immediate departure of the paramilitary unit “Los Tigres” from the White River!
We demand to stop training and paramilitary activity supported by foreign governments throughout the country!
We demand to stop the persecution of those who defend the rights of indigenous peoples and of the entire society!
We demand the necessary changes in our country!
We demand the respect for life!
Honduras Urgent Action for August 2013
Brief: COPINH (Honduras) leaders face trumped up charges to break the back of 140+ day road occupation which has effectively stopped the installation of a hydro electric dam project on the Sacred Gualcarque River in Lenca Territory in Rio Blanco, Honduras. Lenca People: No means No! (Indigenous peoples have an internationally recognized right to collectively be consulted and approve or deny proposals for use of their lands, under ILO Convention 169)'
The Agua Zarca Dam and Lenca Communities in Honduras: Transnational Investment Leads to Violence against and Criminalization of Indigenous Communities. / : Annie Bird, Co-Director, Rights Action. October 3, 2013.
How many more? : 2014's deadly environment: the killing and intimidation of environmental and land activists, with a spotlight on Honduras / : Global Witness, 2015.
Geographical area
Global Witness found cases of killings of environmental and land defenders in 17 countries in 2014. Central and South America account for more than three quarters of all deaths with 88 out of the global total of 116 killed. The rest are mostly from South East Asia whilst three deaths were recorded in Africa and one in India.
Brazil is again the worst-affected country with 29 killings occurring in 2014. Most of these relate to the conflict over the ownership, control and use of land. Colombia is the second most dangerous country with 25 killings – more than half whose victims are indigenous people, struggling to defend their ancestral lands. The Philippines accounts for 15 deaths in 2014 - predominantly at the hands of paramilitary groups defending mining interests - whilst Honduras continues to be the hardest-hit country per capita with 12 deaths. Many of the killings in Honduras and other Central America countries are a result of the struggle against hydropower dams and their impacts on local communities.
Pueblos indígenas de Honduras. / : Unidad Coordinadora Pueblos Indígenas en América Latina y el Caribe (KIVLAK/GIZ), 2010.
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