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Background on the crisis The president of the Central African Republic (CAR), François Bozize, was ousted by Seleka rebels on 24 March 2013, plunging CAR into a political and humanitarian crisis. On 13 April 2013, the leader of the former rebels, Michel Djotodia, was installed as president of CAR by the Conseil national de la transition (CNT) while exactions throughout the whole country intensified, including killings, rape and looting. Self-defense groups and militias, named Anti-balaka, opposed the so-called uncontrollable ex-Seleka elements, targeting the Muslim population suspected of collaboration with the ex-Seleka. In July 2013, the Force multinationale de l'AfriqueCentrale (FOMAC) and French soldiers started disarming ex- Seleka groups. Following further deterioration of the situation, the United Nations Security Council passed 5 December resolution 2127 authorizing the intervention by the African Union peacekeeping mission Missioninternationale de soutien à la Centrafrique sous conduiteafricaine (MISCA) and France. Additional Chadian troops deployed to CAR 19 December 2013 as part of MISCA. Two days later, the Chadian Government started the evacuations of its citizens by air and land. According to the Chadian Government, over 300,000 Chadian national lived in CAR before the beginning of the events. President Djotodia resigned 10 January 2014 facing pressure of regional leaders and the international community.