Fredsakademiets lærerintroduktion til første
Generelt om første verdenskrig
Årsagerne til første verdenskrig,
A Chronology of the Mediation Attempts in July 1914, Edward
The International Internet Encyclopedia of the First World
Trenches on the Web -
http://www.worldwar1.com/index.html - omfattende, men grafisk tung
site om første verdenskrig,
World War I Document Archive - http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/
- Stort arkiv med komplette tekster relaterende til første
Hart, David: Discussion and reading on WW1: Responses to War: An
intellectual and cultural history, - Meget omfattende
litteraturhenvisninger, studievejledninger og forslag til opgaver
om første verdenskrig.
Section 14: World War I and Cultural
Anxiety/Shaping of the Modern World/Brooklyn College.
Omfattende og bred studievejledning til stort set alle aspekter
omkring første verdenskrig.
Hoover Institution Archives holdings on World War,
1914-1916. Omfattende arkivfortegnelse over organisatione og
personalia i forbindelse med første verdenskrig.
Militære, nødhjælsparbejdere, diplomater,
journalister ect.. Kan bruges til generel orientering om en lang
række emner vedrørende verdenskrigen.
Chronology of the First World War,
Tyskland under første verdenskrig, - Catalogue des «Bibliothèque et Musée de la Guerre» Catalogue méthodique du fonds allemand de la Bibliothèque. Rédigé par Jean Dubois avec la collaboration du Charles Appuhn. Introd. par Camille Bloch Vol I-II(1921) ; Société de l'histoire de la guerre. Publications. 1. sér) - http://www.archive.org/details/cataloguemthod00vincuoft
Die Weimarer Republik: Zeittafel und
Strejker i våbenindustrien
Kemisk krigsførelse under første
Tab første verdenskrig,
første verdenskrig - Opdelt på lande,
A Bibliography of Great War Medicine,
Financiellle udgifter omkring verdenskrigen,
Preliminary Economic Studies of the War
Economic and Social History of the World War og Economic and
Social History of the World War. Edited by James T. Shotwell, Yale
The Medical Front, WWI,
Great War "Before and After" Photos,
Women of WWI and of the Avant-Garde - bibliografi.
the Boys Came Home,
Skønlitteratur - French Antiwar Writers and Artists
René Arcos, Georges Bannerot, Lucien
Banville, Charles Baudouin, Nicolas Beauduin,
Charles Désiré Berthold-Mahn, Joseph
Billiet, Gaston Bornstein, Loïs
Cendré, Georges Chennevière, Paul
Colin, Eugène Dabit, Henri Dalby,
Eugene Camille Délong (Genold), Albert Doyen (and
Les Fêtes du peuple), Noélie Drous, Georges
Duhamel, Édouard Dujardin, Luc Durtain,
Noël Garnier, André Germain, Albert
Gleizes, Ivan Goll, Edmé Goyard, Henri
Guilbeaux, Pierre Hamelryckx, Lucien Jacques,
Pierre Jean Jouve, Paul Lantelme, Pierre
Larivière, Marc de Larréguy (de Civrieux),
Marcel Lebarbier, Jean Lunaire, Marcel
Martinet, Frans Masereel, Henry de Montherlant,
Cécile Périn, Charles Picart Le Doux,
Georges Pioch, Maurice Pottecher, Jean-Michel
Renaitour, Romain Rolland, Jules Romains, Jean
de Saint-Prix, Claude Salives (Claude le Maguet),
Jean-Paul Samson, Henriette Sauret, Marcel
Sauvage, Paul Vaillant-Couturier, Alfred Varella,
Théo Varlet, Emile Verhaeren, Madeleine
Vernet, P.-J. Vidi, Charles. Vildrac.
Full-text transcriptions of Novels and
other books of the WWI era, including the Parody Outline of
The Great War in a Different Light - Samtidige
bøger og tidsskrifter, fotografier og gallerier,
Under Fire (Le Feu), Henri Barbusse, 1917,
: Western Front - A biographical account of the Great War, and
a comparison of two factual novels: 'All Quiet On The Western
Front' and 'Gun Fodder'.
List over malere 1914-18 war - Art of the First World War.
censur - England
Defence of the Realm Act.
Also mentioned in John Masters' trilogy was English poet
Siegfried Sassoon. He was a captain in the Royal Welsh Fusiliers
when he wrote a manifesto condemning the war. It was read out in
Parliament by Herbert Lees-Smith, a Liberal M.P. It read:
"I am making this statement as an act of wilful defiance of
military authority because I believe that the war is being
deliberately prolonged by those who have the power to end it. "I am
a soldier convinced that I am acting on behalf of soldiers. I
believe that the war upon which I entered as a war of defence and
liberalisation has now become a war of aggression and conquest. "I
have seen and endured the sufferings for ends which I believe to be
evil and unjust. I am not protesting about the conduct of the war
but against the political errors and insecurities for which the
fighting men are being sacrificed."
The manifesto caused outrage and the authorities reacted quickly
describing Sassoon as 'unwell' from his experiences in the
trenches. In July 1917 he was admitted to Craiglockhart Hospital
suffering from shellshock and was not declared fit for service
until November. Three months later he was in trouble again when
writing a poem:
"I stood with Death":
"I stood with the dead so forsaken and still
When dawn was grey I stood with the dead
And my slow heart said,
'You must kill, you must kill.'
Soldier, Soldier, the morning is red"
The Army considered court-marshalling Sassoon but his poetry hit
a note with the British people at the time and no action was taken
although amongst some his reputation was damaged to such an extent
that he too became a 'casualty of war'.
Kilde: Military Matters - Articles
Bertrand Russell - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Still, Russell is best known in many circles as a result of his
campaigns against the proliferation of nuclear weapons and against
western involvement in the Vietnam War during the 1950s and 1960s.
However, Russell's social activism stretches back at least as far
as 1910, when he published his Anti-Suffragist
Anxieties, and to 1916, when he was convicted and fined in
connection with anti-war protests during World War I. Following his
conviction, he was also dismissed from his post at Trinity College,
Cambridge. Two years later, he was convicted a second time. The
result was six months in prison. Russell also ran unsuccessfully
for Parliament (in 1907, 1922, and 1923) and, together with his
second wife, founded and operated an experimental school during the
late 1920s and early 1930s.
Although he became the third Earl Russell upon the death of his
brother in 1931, Russell's radicalism continued to make him a
controversial figure well through middle-age. While teaching in the
United States in the late 1930s, he was offered a teaching
appointment at City College, New York. The appointment was revoked
following a large number of public protests and a 1940 judicial
decision which found him morally unfit to teach at the College.
In 1954 he delivered his famous "Man's Peril" broadcast on the
BBC, condemning the Bikini H-bomb tests. A year later, together
with Albert Einstein, he released the Russell-Einstein Manifesto
calling for the curtailment of nuclear weapons. In 1957 he was a
prime organizer of the first Pugwash Conference, which brought
together a large number of scientists concerned about the nuclear
issue. He became the founding president of the Campaign for Nuclear
Disarmament in 1958 and was once again imprisoned in connection
with anti-nuclear protests in 1961. The media coverage surrounding
his conviction only served to enhance Russell's reputation and to
further inspire many of the idealistic youth who were sympathetic
to his anti-war and anti-nuclear protests.
Præsten Bart de Ligt...
The Clear and Present Danger Doctrine, 1919
Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate
All quiet on the western front. Milestone, Lewis; USA, 1930.
Blackadder goes forth. TV serie fra BBC; Engelsk, 1989.
Dr. Zhivago. Lean, David; Amerikansk/engelsk, 1965.
A farewell to arms. Glazer, Benjamin; USA, 1932.
Gallipoli. Weir, Peter; Australian, 1981.
La grande illusion. Renoir, Jean; Fransk, 1937.
J'accuse. Gance, Abel; Fransk, 1919.
King of hearts. Philippe de Broca; French-engelsk, 1966.
Oh, what a lovely war !. Attenborough, Richard; Engelsk, 1969.
Paths of glory. Kubrick, Stanley; USA, 1957.
the Return of the soldier. Bridges, Alan; Engelsk, 1985.
Rosa Luxemburg. Trotta, Margarethe von; Tysk, 1986.
Shoulder Arms, Chaplin, Charles: USA, 1919.
What price glory? Walsh, Raoul; USA, 1926.
the Yanks are coming. Wolper, David; USA, 1966.
Prologue: Military Service in the U.S. Army during
World War I - They Answered the Call : Military Service in the
United States Army during World War I, 1917-1919. Af: Mitchell
First World War - Conscientious Objectors &
Exemptions from Service,
Antallet af engelske militærnægtere, Graham 1922,
fremgår af: Orr, E. W.: The Quakers in Peace and War,
1920-1967. Eget forlag, 1974 s. 15 og er : 16.100.
- Arrested 6261
- Peltham Committee's Cases 3964
- Friends Ambulance Unit 1200
- War Victims Relief Commitee 200
- Working directly under Tribunals 900
- Non-Combatant Corps 3300
- Royal Army Medical Corps 100
- Evaded the Act 175
19 engelske militærnægtere dør under
Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore
College Peace Collection online library catalog
Excerpt from Rachel Waltner Goossen: Women
Against the Good War: Conscientious Objection and Gender on the
American Home Front, 1941-1947. Chapel Hill, University of North
Carolina Press, 1997.
the National Civil Liberties Bureau
the American Union Against Militarism
the American Civil Liberties Union
"As part of its investigations, the Committee to Investigate
Seditious Activities (commonly referred as the Lusk Committee)
probed the wartime "subversive" ventures of the National Civil
Liberties Bureau (NCLB). The Committee charged the NCLB was in the
forefront of a legitimate pacifist movement that was being
manipulated by Socialist revolutionaries in order to influence U.S.
The NCLB was formed in 1917 as an outgrowth of the American
Union Against Militarism, which itself was formed to work against
American intervention in the war in Europe. One of the stated
objectives of the NCLB was to assist the defense of conscientious
objectors during World War I, and it served as a type of national
clearinghouse of information on their legal defense. The NCLB
changed its name in 1920 to the American Civil Liberties Union.
Activities investigated by the committee included encouraging
individuals to register as conscientious objectors to escape
military duty, assisting radical groups in obstructing the war
effort, and furnishing attorneys for those objecting to military
service. Correspondence between the NCLB and conscientious
objectors from 32 states and 12 Army camps.
Kilde: Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious
British Library of Political and Economic Science
2000 - samtidige pjecer om pacifisme, nedrustning og
The History of Sexuality : Women, War, and Peace in
Modern History af Professor Sandi E. Cooper.
Danmark: Terp, Holger:
Jubilæumsskrift for Kvindernes Internationale Liga for Fred
Tyskland - OHNE UNS - Justiz und Pazifismus, Aus
Ausgabe 3-4/93 (Juli)
The Woman's Peace Party
JX1965 C64 1988 (WMN). Collected Records of the Woman's Peace
Party, 1914-1920 : Guide to the scholarly resources microfilm
edition. Wilmington, DL: Scholarly Resources Inc., 1988. Kilde: Microform Guides List.
kronologien til at finde nogel af svarene på
Helmut og Wieland Herzfeld opretter et forlag hvor Helmut laver
fotomontager, der blev brugt som postkort. Begge var socialister og
ville have deres fredsbudskab ud til så mange som muligt.
Helmut ændrer i protest mod krigen sit navn til John
Udarbejdelse af undervisningsforløb på forskellige